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Thorpe study blackjack computer program

Al employ card counting off, there is one that is willing. Wu Sidun (Ken.Uston), the big players he published in 1977 (The Big Player), a book, in spite of Al and other members of the upset, revealed the secret to the world. 乌斯顿 book was published That led to the dissolution of Al's team faced, many members of the Wu Sidun very angry, but Al did not give a clear accusation.

Al. Francesco now from Blackjack Tables retirement, is currently engaged in horse racing and other interests.

Edward. Oakley. Dr. Thorpe

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Edward. Oakley. Dr. Thorpe (born August 14, 1932, Chicago) is an American mathematics professor, writer, hedge fund managers and blackjack player. He was published 1962 book "Beat the Dealer" (Beat the Dealer) and known as mathematical methods proved to be by card counting technique (card counting) beat blackjack first book. Technically overcome the house advantage, making up an estimated 5 percent advantage (in the worst and making the same policy as the policy or not bust strategy), instead, the player will have about 1% advantage.

He is also considered the inventor of the first portable computers together (another person Claude.Shannon).

Thorpe in 1958 from the University of California, Los Angeles get his doctorate, and from 1959 to 1961 taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). From 1965 to 1977 he was professor of mathematics, and taught in 1977-1982 Mathematics and Finance.

Thorpe using the IBM 7044 computer as a research tool, with the 1956 publication of Kelly Law (Kelly criterion) to study his blackjack card counting and calculation of the number of advantages and learn FORTRAN language to write blackjack simulation program to calculate a card counting advantage.

With IBM's help 7044, Thorpe can be a lot of computer simulation and calculation of advantage and strategy card counting technique generated, especially in the pack of cards near the end, the players have the opportunity to occupy the greater advantage .Thorp later decided in Reno (Reno) Lake Tahoe (Lake Tahoe) and Las Vegas (Las Vegas) in the field to test his theory.

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